As per a report shared by the National Guideline Clearing House, people of all ages are at the risk of developing pressure ulcers based on the extent of vulnerability of their current health status. In the present scenario, almost all patients, especially the aged ones with limited mobility, and those who cannot get out of their bed all alone or who need to wear briefs and use bedpans develop stage 1 pressure ulcer. According to Caringpeopleinc.com, the quality of care determines as to how effectively pressure ulcers in seniors may be treated. Now, the aged persons who are discharged from hospitals with stage 1-pressure ulcers do not always have trained family members to care for them. This is often why the extent of damage caused to their sensitive skin and underlying body tissues is high. For a majority of aged persons, pressure sores are often a major health issue, particularly among all of those who remain confined to their bed and are without proper medical care. Perhaps, this is the reason that the incidences of pressure sores among seniors have increased by as much as 63% between the years ranging from 1993 to 2003.
Elderly patients admitted to hospitals for several days may not have been bedridden prior to hospitalization, but they tend to remain in bed as because they have simply no reason to get up at all. This inactivity is the reason behind pressure ulcers in seniors most likely developing with the gradual passage of time. An open wound can always form when constant pressure is applied because of lying down or even sitting in the same position for as little as a couple of hours or longer. This is what is referred to as the pressure ulcer. It is primarily because of the constantly applied pressure that the tiny blood vessels get squeezed and this worsens the health condition of the elderly patient. Have you ever lied down on a hospital mattress? If yes, you might have known as to how hard and uncomfortable the same can really be? Because of the constant pressure applied when the blood vessels and the bony prominence remain shut-off, there is no amount of blood, which can flow properly. This also results in little or no oxygen being carried to the tissues. Owing to no oxygen supply to the tissue, it ultimately dies and this is often the reason why it is necessary to maintain a turn schedule of at least a couple of days or so.
Besides the above-discussed reasons, there are many factors behind pressure ulcers in seniors developing. Some of these are fragile skin, malnourishment, old age, bowel incontinence, urinary incontinence and vascular disease. Apart from these, mental disability in the form of Alzheimer’s disease may be yet another reason behind pressure ulcers most necessarily forming or even getting aggravated. Limited mobility is the main reason behind pressure ulcers forming among seniors. You can prevent your loved aged family member from experiencing a similar health condition by staying informed about the signs and different phases of a pressure ulcer. Caring People Website has discussed in detail the various stages of pressure ulcer and the care approach to follow during each single stage.