Glaucoma is a disease that affects and damages the optic nerves present in the eyes. When there is excess fluid buildup in the front part of the eyes, it elevates the pressure in the eye thereby damaging the optic nerve.
A WHO report states that glaucoma is the second largest cause of blindness after cataracts. Although it is being actively researched and there have been many medical advances in this field, it is known to lead to permanent optic nerve damage and thereby loss of vision, if not treated well in time. Many ophthalmology doctors in Bangalore and other cities can be easily approached for a quick diagnosis and treatment options.
Types of Glaucoma
Before knowing how to treat this eye disease let’s find out what are the different types of this disease. There are two major types of glaucoma:
- Open-angle Glaucoma: This is the most common variant of this ailment wherein the loss of field of vision develops gradually and typically in a pain-free manner. At first, there are no vision changes. This one mandatorily needs regular check-ups to assess the damage progressively and follow proper medication routine.
- Closed-angle Glaucoma: This can happen suddenly or gradually. However, the sudden presentation is mostly accompanied by acute eye pain, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting and redness in the eyes. Most people who are impacted by this, observe symptoms such as sudden decreased vision, a fixed, mid-dilated pupil and a very high intraocular pressure, typically more than 30 mmHg. They can also notice rainbow-coloured rings or halos around lights. This acute angle closure is considered a medical emergency as the timely attention can save some irreversible damage to the vision.
The damage caused due to glaucoma can also be seen as opaque spots in the eye lens, which are known as glaukomflecken.
While the major risk factor that leads to glaucoma is increased eye pressure, a family history of this disease, migraine, high blood pressure and obesity also contribute significantly. Having said that, many patients with high eye pressure may still have normal blood pressure, while there can be several individuals who may live with hypertension for years and still not be at risk for glaucoma.
Treatment for Glaucoma
If addressed at an early stage, there is a scope of reduction or cure for glaucoma. This gives a promising approach to treating this unfortunate ailment that has come to be known as the ‘silent thief of the sight’.
Laser therapy is an effective approach to treating glaucoma. With medication coupled with it, such therapies offer a better quality of life. Doctors trained in the most modern methods now perform many advanced techniques that involve surgical procedures in the eye with ease and precision.
Role of Ophthalmologist
The origin of the name for glaucoma comes from Greek word “glaukos” which stands for green, blue, or grey, given the discoloration of the pupil that occurs in this disease. This word existed for a long time, but it became associated with the common diagnosis of the optic nerve damage only around the 1850s. The invention of the ophthalmoscope allowed the doctors to see the damage occurring in the optic nerves.
If you are exploring this treatment for yourself or your loved ones, visit PSTakeCare which lists several reliable hospitals that offer glaucoma treatment packages in cities all over India.
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